Until the thunder breaks out, the motorist will not look into the trunk to put the necessary things there. Two years ago, a roll swept across the country after dozens of people were frozen on the Orsk-Orenburg highway. That situation blew up the forums … Of course, we can continue to hope that at a snap of our fingers from the ground, there will be a brave detachment of the Ministry of Emergency Situations or suddenly a helicopter of the President of the country will appear in the sky, which will descend and, with a wave of a magic wand, will immediately save everyone. But it is better to be ready for emergencies and clearly understand that often the drowning will have to deal with the rescue of drowning people. Alas, we do not quite like this either, but such is the domestic realities.
Before going through the minimum set of a winter survivalist, we recall that it is highly desirable to go on any country trip in a completely serviceable car. Saying platitudes and apparent things? The drivers often act at random; they say, “I drove here a thousand times and the same number of times.” Negative coincidences of circumstances occur – late night, a discharged mobile phone, lack of warm clothes, severe frost, and … let’s say, a ball joint that ordered to live long. But last time, the master Mikhalych suggested changing it and not waiting for the wheel to stand at an angle to the asphalt. But you were in a hurry.
The place of the unplanned stop is crucial. It is one thing if you are immobilized on your way to a village between settlements located next to each other at a relatively short distance, and those passing by do not want to stop and help you. In this case, call a city a few hours away and call for a tow truck or friends who are ready to tow you for help. During this time, most likely, nothing terrible will happen. A completely different conversation if the adventures were found in the harsh north, where an exceptional preparation for an emergency is required. But here, the attitude of people to each other is somewhat different.
Set of tools
You should have a set with screwdrivers, pliers, and keys in the trunk.
It is not a fact that you will be able to repair a car on the way, especially if you have a modern one, read, poorly adapted to improve in the field. But with the “used,” which you know inside and out, it will be much easier. If you prefer a “hold” without unnecessary organizers and tools, and a subwoofer occupies almost all the space in it, do not skimp on at least a good multi-instrument. There must be a wheel wrench for changing a wheel, combined with understanding how to change this very wheel. An LED flashlight with a spare set of batteries will also help a lot, and it won’t be so scary at night.
For any trip, you should prepare not only the car but also yourself.
Alas, many of our citizens have a poor idea of dressing if the cold is found outside of civilization. The explanation is simple – people move in a city teeming with warm public transport, and many do not bother with functionality, focusing on style.
Lightweight yet inexpensive, padded trousers, fleece, and a low-temperature touring jacket will make you much more comfortable with the unexpected. Shoes are also essential, especially in severe frosts – ideally, if they are tall, warm, and with an open ankle. In specialized sports stores, warming insoles are sold – they are not too expensive, and they will help out when standing still. Finally, you will have a tough time without gloves, especially if you have to change a punctured wheel at a temperature of, say, -25 C.
If the car said to you, “everything has arrived,” you will have to insulate and insulate passengers additionally.
We do not suggest bringing along a second wardrobe, but we recommend that you do not ignore the travel blankets. You can use a rescue blanket, or the so-called “space” blanket – very light, thin and windproof.
In case of surprises along the way, your savior and main friend, most likely, will not be that grumpy type in the passenger seat and not an alarmist lady, but a mobile phone. The primary task: before the road, it should be charged not half, not a third, but thoroughly. Completely! It is better to do without hoping at random because it will not be possible to replenish the battery supply from the car’s cigarette lighter in some situations. We strongly recommend purchasing an external battery. It is possible that on the way, you will not have the Internet, and therefore it is highly desirable to have contacts of several tow trucks in the phone database.
“Multitool” and matches
There is a possibility that help will have to wait for a long time, the car will cool off thoroughly during this time, and the stock of warm clothes will not be enough. Under appropriate circumstances, you will have to light a fire, or at least try to do it to maintain health. If you do not get up in the middle of the steppe, then consider yourself lucky.
A multi-tool, which has a miniature saw, will help to cut the branches. Carrying a “full-size” saw or an ax with you as inveterate jeepers, of course, is not bad, but hardly any of the townspeople will seriously bother purchasing these not so superfluous tools. We will also keep silent about gas burners and canned food for obvious reasons. Do not be lazy to buy a box of hunting matches that are not afraid of moisture, and it’s perfect if you have a canister with a minimum supply of fuel, which, on occasion, will go for ignition.
Finally, we advise you not to neglect a thermos with hot tea.
The drink is prepared quickly, the container will not take up much space, but it will help to hold out in the cold and not completely freeze. Believe me, and it will be very unpleasant to return from a nearby trip with a severe cold or, God forbid, with pneumonia.
A basic set of things for survival in extreme situations
Experts in the field of survival identify several basic rules: you need to anticipate the danger, avoid it if possible, and act decisively. At the same time, maintain self-control, endurance, and calmness. Panic can only make the situation worse. First of all, you need to do everything possible to help yourself, but if this does not work out, you need to alleviate your condition before the rescuer’s rescuers’ arrival. Unfortunately, the operational services are not in all cases capable of arriving as soon as possible, so, in extreme situations, one must rely exclusively on oneself. Therefore, going on a long journey, it is advisable to have an alarming suitcase, not limited to a car first aid kit.
What is a Troubled Suitcase?
“An emergency briefcase” – it is customary to call a basic set of things for survival in extreme situations until the arrival of rescuers or until safe evacuation from an emergency zone, be it an earthquake, flood, fire, etc. An adequately equipped “emergency suitcase” can provide an autonomous existence of a person in extreme situations when there is no water, food, heat, or a roof over his head nearby.
The minimum amount of supplies required for an autonomous stay is calculated based on the time it takes for emergency services to respond and intervene. The period of independent stay in anticipation of the help of rescuers depends on the likelihood of a natural or human-made emergency in a given area, as well as the distance from large settlements. Thus, in each specific case, the “alarm case” is completed by the person’s place of residence and individual characteristics.
How to stack things correctly.
There are no strict recommendations on this subject. It is still better to follow the tourist rule: light items and necessities – first aid kit, flashlight, knife, etc. – top and in pockets, changeable underwear, food – to the bottom.
To protect the contents from moisture – use vacuum bags with a clip. Also, before packing, things can be packed in ordinary plastic bags, pre-wrapped with tape.
Is it obligatory to have a “disturbing suitcase”?
The presence of a “disturbing suitcase” depends on the attitude to the surrounding reality, life experience. Many people who survived the Great Patriotic War make food supplies and everything they need for a month in advance. It is essential to objectively consider the need for an “emergency suitcase” at home or at work, as well as the possibility of using it. For example, the likelihood of using the “emergency suitcase” in a metropolis and not in an earthquake-prone region is low. In this case, it is advisable to have a set of “essentials” with you – a light and compact pack that is convenient to carry with you.
The essentials kit may include the following items:
– Mini radio (many mobile phones with radio).
– Utility knife with a set of tools.
– Matches (hunting) or a lighter.
– Food per day (any high-calorie, taking up little space, delicate foods).
– Money. Documents (passport or its copy).
– A set of first aid equipment: individual dressing bags, a group of bactericidal plasters; BF glue – used instead of iodine and brilliant green, forms a protective film on the wound; drugs that reduce pain syndrome (toothache and headache, pain in trauma, burns, fever); medicines used for allergies; a set of medications prescribed by a doctor, taken periodically or continuously.
The items listed above do not take up much space, and their presence will help avoid many difficulties.
If you live in a large settlement, providing necessities and food for 2-3 days will most likely not be a big problem.
Be sure to make color or black and white copies of all necessary documents: passport, military ID or certificate of registration, identity card, as well as documents establishing the right to property, etc. If possible, it is better to notarize copies. The papers should be recorded on an electronic medium and packed in a waterproof package.
In what cases is it especially advisable to have an “emergency suitcase”?
Let us list the cases when it is especially recommended to keep the “emergency suitcase” at home.
If you live in:
a) the area (zone) of possible earthquakes (and / or tsunami);
b) an area (zone) of repeated severe floods (floods);
c) an area (zone) of serious area forest fires;
d) the area (zone) of residence within the enterprises working with hazardous substances;
e) the area of residence where there is a likelihood of armed conflicts;
f) other problem regions.
Choice of “emergency suitcase.”
A “rescue briefcase” is usually an emergency pack or a bag with a capacity of about 30 liters. The contents of the backpack: the required minimum of clothing, hygiene items, medicines, tools, personal protective equipment, and food.
Choose a backpack in bright colors with reflective stripes – this should attract rescuers’ attention in an emergency. You should abandon the camouflage color because, in an armed conflict, a person with such a backpack can be mistaken for a combatant.
A backpack made of waterproof, lightweight, and dense, durable materials is preferable since the contents must be protected from possible damage. It is necessary to try on and adjust the backpack’s straps – you should be comfortable wearing it for a long time.
When putting together your “emergency suitcase,” remember: it should be compact and not very heavy.
Possible basic set for the “”emergency suitcase”“:
– First aid kit.
– Hand-held and headlamp flashlight (preferably diode) and a supply of batteries for them (it is possible to inert with the function of recharging a cell phone).
– Mini radio with battery supply (or cell phone with radio function).
– Utility knife (with a set of tools).
– Hunting knife.
– Supply of food and water (at least three days).
– Change of underwear and socks.
– Whistle (required to call for help).
– Hunting matches, dry alcohol, gas lighters (2-3 pcs).
– Repair kit (threads, needles, etc.).
– Disposable tableware.
– Hygiene products.
If space and money permits – put a sleeping bag, a tent (now in specialized stores there is a massive selection of them), – a gas tourist burner with a 200-400 canister – this is quite enough for the first time cooking and heating.
A small notebook and pencil may come in handy, which always writes, unlike a ballpoint pen.
Depending on the area in which you live, the “emergency suitcase” contents will also change. For example, in rural areas, you may need a compass, but this item is unlikely to be in demand in urban environments.